Below is a glossary of words, names
and terms which you may find useful in your readings of the
history of Tickhill.
They can found, used in context, in
the Brief General History of
barker or berker: a leather tanner,
also a stripper of bark off trees for use in tanning process.
burgage plots: long, narrow strips
of land with a house and yard running at right angles to and
fronting onto a main street.
capital messuage: a large house,
with yard, outbuildings and land.
cartulary: a collection of deeds and
cartwright: a cart
maker and repairer
thought to derive from Daeddi, an Old English (OE)
land survey commissioned by William the Conqueror in 1086.
draper: a dealer in cloth
flesschewer: a butcher
old Norse word meaning ‘enclosure’ it is normally used to
describe a yard or a small enclosed space.
gata: Old Norse word meaning ‘way,
road or street’.
gild (or guild): a term used in the
Middle Ages to describe a company of craftsmen, also an urban
groat: a coin equal to 4 old pennies
Honour of Tickhill: the collective
name given to all Roger de Busli’s estates.
hyll: OE meaning ‘hill’.
lay subsidy: a tax levied on
non-churchmen by the king for a specific purpose; it was known
as the Tenth or Fifteenth because it was levied on one-tenth of
all moveable property in a town and one-fifteenth of all
moveable property in the countryside.
OE meaning ‘forest glade’ or ‘clearing’.
Maison de Dieu: House of God –
mark: a coin equal to 13s.4d. in old
money (approx 67p today)
mason: a skilled worker with stone
meller: a beekeeper or maker of
mercer: a merchant of fine cloth,
ostler: a person who looked after
horses, usually at an inn
Poll Tax: a tax per head of
population over the age of fifteen.
souter: a shoemaker
spicer: a grocer
sundor-land: OE meaning ‘land set
aside for a special purpose’.
thveit: Old Danish meaning
‘clearing, meadow or paddock ‘.
Tica: OE personal noun.
a tenant farmer
webster: a female weaver
a craftsman builder